Let’s Talk Termites
The most common termite in Arizona is the desert subterranean termite, which is about 3/8″ long, including their wings. Their body is a pale yellowish brown with a rectangular head and their body is flat and almost as wide as the head.
Drywood termites are slightly larger than the subterranean termites, and although they are not as common, they definitely do more damage when left untreated. These are the pests that result in expensive treatments and whole houses being tented, because they actually build their colonies within the very wood structure they inhabit.
How to Get Rid of Termites in Arizona
Termite prevention with a granule termiticide often costs as little as $20 per year for a 2,000 square-foot home! This odorless concentrate acts like a bait: the termite picks up the chemical, does not realize he has picked it up, takes it back to the termite colony, and ultimately destroys the colony.
The process is easy, and the products are safe around pets and children, do not injure the ground water table, and are virtually odorless. Best of all, they last up to nine years.
First, fix any water leaks (e.g., hose bibs, condensate lines) and get rid of any water that collects (e.g., puddles next to house). Then create a barrier against termites by:
- Digging a trench 6″ deep by 6″ wide around the perimeter of your house
- Pouring the termiticide into the trench
- Adding the backfill dirt back into the trench on top of the termiticide
Desert Subterranean Termites
The desert subterranean termite thrives in high-temperature, low-humidity climates, so the arid Sonoran Desert is perfectly suited to them. These common termites live in underground colonies where moisture is prevalent and number up to 300,000, but they also live in desert plants like dead cactus. They build distinctive mud tubes to gain access to food sources and to protect themselves from open air. Although termites like water, the desert subterranean termite is less dependent on moisture and decay than other subterranean termites. Termite colonies are organized into castes depending on tasks: workers, soldiers and reproductives. Cream-colored worker subterranean termites are 1/8 to 3/8 of an inch in length. Soldier subterranean termites are of a similar body length, but are distinguished by their powerful mandibles. Solider termites have cream-colored bodies and brown heads. Reproductive subterranean termites are approximately one inch long.